The notification is made by handing over a number of court documents (called „trials“) to the person to be notified. Acceptance or waiver of services is encouraged by some judicial systems, including U.S. federal courts. According to the Federal Civil Proceedings Regulation 4 (d) (2), the defendant may be held liable for the costs of the personal benefit if he refuses to forego his benefit „without justinable cause“. The Tribunal`s decision shows that it takes a commercial approach to the interpretation of the procedure agent clauses and that it takes effect, as far as possible, to the priority objective of these clauses, which is to enable a fast and specific service. This case also recalls the considerable benefits granted to a party who can avail himself of a trial agent clause and, without the inclusion of a trial officer clause, there would likely have been significant delays and costs associated with attempting to serve in Venezuela. Courts in at least two Canadian provincial jurisdictions have authorized a replacement service via Facebook.   In 2018, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice authorized the service via Instagram and LinkedIn`s integrated messaging systems.  The judge also rejected a PDVSA argument that a valid date requires the approval of PDVSA; the establishment of such a clause was inconsistent with the overall objective of a procedural officer clause to expedite and simplify the meaning of proceedings. However, in general, individual service through a process server is the best way to service the process, as it completely avoids arguing over the accessory, if the defendant did have a good reason (or not) not to give up the benefit.
[Citation required] The United States is a party to two multilateral procedures treaties, the Hague Convention on Services and the Inter-American Convention on the Recognition of All Letters, and the Additional Protocol. The service procedures under these agreements are summarized below. See also our country-by-country information pages on mutual legal aid. The requirement of an „approved“ agent meant that this was allowed under the terms of the facility agreements. The facilities agreements expressly suggested that BSJI appoints a judicial agent on behalf of PDVSA if PDVSA has not complied with its obligation to appoint a new one if necessary; PDVSA failed to do so, the BSJI representative was duly authorized.